General Appearance

That of a long-haired toy terrier whose blue and tan coat is parted on the face and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail and hangs evenly and quite straight down each side of body. The body is neat, compact and well proportioned. The dog's high head carriage and confident manner should give the appearance of vigor and self-importance.


Small and rather flat on top, the skull not too prominent or round, the muzzle not too long, with the bite neither undershot nor overshot and teeth sound. Either scissors bite or level bite is acceptable. The nose is black. Eyes are medium in size and not too prominent; dark in color and sparkling with a sharp, intelligent expression. Eye rims are dark. Ears are small, V-shaped, carried erect and set not too far apart.


Well proportioned and very compact. The back is rather short, the back line level, with height at shoulder the same as at the rump.

Legs and Feet

Forelegs should be straight, elbows neither in nor out. Hind legs straight when viewed from behind, but stifles are moderately bent when viewed from the sides. Feet are round with black toenails. Dewclaws, if any, are generally removed from the hind legs. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed.


Docked to a medium length and carried slightly higher than the level of the back.


Quality, texture and quantity of coat are of prime importance. Hair is glossy, fine and silky in texture. Coat on the body is moderately long and perfectly straight (not wavy). It may be trimmed to floor length to give ease of movement and a neater appearance, if desired. The fall on the head is long, tied with one bow in center of head or parted in the middle and tied with two bows. Hair on muzzle is very long. Hair should be trimmed short on tips of ears and may be trimmed on feet to give them a neat appearance.


Puppies are born black and tan and are normally darker in body color, showing an intermingling of black hair in the tan until they are matured. Color of hair on body and richness of tan on head and legs are of prime importance in adult dogs, to which the following color requirements apply: BLUE: Is a dark steel-blue, not a silver-blue and not mingled with fawn, bronzy or black hairs. TAN: All tan hair is darker at the roots than in the middle, shading to still lighter tan at the tips. There should be no sooty or black hair intermingled with any of the tan.

Color on Body

The blue extends over the body from back of neck to root of tail. Hair on tail is a darker blue, especially at end of tail.


A rich golden tan, deeper in color at sides of head, at ear roots and on the muzzle, with ears a deep rich tan. Tan color should not extend down on back of neck.

Chest and Legs

A bright, rich tan, not extending above the elbow on the forelegs nor above the stifle on the hind legs.

Must not exceed seven pounds.

Approved April 12, 1966

Addition - Changes

Our standard can only be opened and changed every five years.... Additions has been made to our standard due to the Tri-Colored Yorkies, Parti-Yorkies or Biewer. Some people felt that some people would confuse the Yorkshire Terrier with these types of dogs due to color. As it is color is hard to maintain within anyone's breeding program.. As far as I am concerned there is no comparison. Tri-Colored Yorkies, Parti-Yorkies or Biewer are nothing but a spotted dog to me. There are no reputable breeders breeding them! The YTCA holds the Yorkshire Terrier Standard and will not allow these types of dogs to be shown. AKC registers the Tri-Colored Yorkies, Parti-Yorkies or Biewer but AKC is only a registration body. The YTCA made the changes and then added a directive. A directive why? Because I think they messed up with the additions, changes.... I personally don't think it was in the best interest of the Yorkshire Terrier breed to add such additions or changes....

The picture of the 12 month old puppy below was Disqualified.... the judges reason for the DQ was white on the head.... This makes me sick! This yorkie is beautiful and should have not been Disqualified!

I added a new fancy script to the pictures below which gives them a smooth, polished zooming animation which are rather nice. The way the pictures zoom resembles the iPhone's zooming.

Just click on the pictures to view them larger.

The YTCA's additions - changes (Disqualification)
Any solid color or combination of colors other than blue and tan as described above. Any white markings other than a small white spot on the forechest that does not exceed 1 inch at its longest dimension.
Approved April 12, 1966. Approved Addition of DQ October 1, 2007 (my thoughts about this is the YTCA went a little over board with a disqualification, as I stated there is no comparison and I have never seen a Yorkshire Terrier in the ring, in books or in the history of the Yorkshire Terrier that resembled the Tri-Colored, Parti or Biewer.) (Think about it if you know anything about a Yorkshire Terrier)

There has been many of yorkies shown to their Championships for many years with out this DQ, but if shown today with this change they would be disqualified. (Pretty sad don't you think?) This means that many yorkies today will not make it to their Championship titles or ever get a chance even though they have many other great qualities. Note: there are judges that are indeed disqualify yorkie puppies and adults in the rings today due to the color changes because they have to follow the YTCA's changes in the standard which has made many exhibitors angry, upset and confused. And not to mention embarrassed when they have to leave the ring due to a DQ.

This is a example of what a Tri-Colored, Parti Or Biewer look like.... this little one does not resemble what the Yorkshire Terrier looks like as for color.

Disqualification Directive

TO: AKC Judges, AKC Judging Operations
FROM: Yorkshire Terrier Club of America Board of Directors
DATE: September 26, 2007

SUBJECT: Clarification of the Yorkshire Terrier DQ to be initiated on
October 1, 2007

The Disqualification reads as follows:
Any solid color or combination of colors other than blue and tan as
described above.
Any white markings other than a small white spot on the forechest
that does not exceed 1 inch at its longest dimension.

The new Disqualification is an ADDITION to the Yorkshire Terrier
Breed Standard. It is there to disqualify Yorkshire Terriers with
colors OTHER THAN those as described in our Breed Standard. The
American Kennel Club is registering parti-colors, solid colors, and
chocolate and tan dogs as Yorkshire Terriers even though they do not
meet our Breed Standard as written. AKC will not deny registration on
color alone. These dogs have been shown at AKC matches and non-AKC
events. Immature dogs not having a totally clear tan or immature dogs
that are not yet totally blue are acceptable under our Breed Standard
and should NOT be disqualified. To do so would be a misinterpretation
of the Disqualification AND of the Breed Standard.

The Yorkshire Terrier whose coat is of prime importance has a slow
metamorphosis from the black and tan puppy to the blue and tan adult.
Some of these dogs take three or more years for their coat to mature;
therefore our YTCA Members chose NOT to specify an age for color
maturity. Only dogs of solid color, unusual combination of colors,
and parti-colors should be disqualified.

In summary

Solid color dogs such as a solid color gold or solid color chocolate
A chocolate and tan dog or other unusual combination of colors
A white dog with black and tan markings (parti-color)

Puppies, Class dogs and young Champions whose tan has not yet
totally cleared. This is typically seen around the head area where
thumb prints may exist. Young Puppies may still have an intermingling
of black hair in the tan.
Puppies and young adults whose black body coat has not yet totally
turned to blue.
A dog that has a small white spot not to exceed 1 inch on the fore-

Breeders that show look at their puppies at eight weeks of age. This age shows us a lot. When yorkie puppies are eight weeks of age we triple the weight and then double it at twelve weeks of age. This gives us a pretty good idea of what the puppy will weigh when full grown. When we are looking for our next show prospect not only are we thinking of our standard but we are thinking of the things listed below.


In the example to the left we are looking at the proportion of the Yorkshire Terrier. Example A is the best. B the back is to short and C the back is to long.

Proportion Legs

In this group we are looking at the lengh of the legs. A is the best propertioned in this group. B is to short and C is to long.

Ear Set

In his group we are looking at the ear set. Example A is the best as its ears are not to far apart or to close. Example B the ears are set to wide and example C the ears are set to close.

Correct Ears

In this group we are looking at the ears. Example A has the correct ears. B is a rounded ear and what we call a bat ear and C has a tulip shaped ear. B & C are not correct and a breeder must say away from this as it is hard to correct.

Head Carriage

In this example we are looking at the head carriage or neck. Example A is the best not to long and not to short. B is to short and C neck is to long.


In the examples to the left we are looking at the muzzle of the Yorkshire Terrier. Example A is the best. Example B is way to short and example C is down nosed.


In this example we are looking at the topline of the Yorkshire Terrier or its back. Example A is a nice straight topline and is correct. Example B is low in the front shoulders and example C has a roached topline.


Color is very important to our standard. A Yorkshire Terriers head should be a beautiful gold in color and its back or topline should be a medium to dark steel blue. Example A is the correct color. Example B is to light in color and example C is to dark in color.


Example A is the correct color. However there are Yorkshire Terriers that are born blue in color and chocolate in color. The blue ones will have a blue nose also and most don't live only but a few days old. The blue in color is not a correct color or chocolate. I have never had personal experience with a blue or chocolate Yorkshire Terrier.

Tail Length

The tail of the Yorkshire
Terrier should not be to long or to short. Example A is the right length. Example B is to short and C is to long. Breeders that have vets do them always dock the tail way to short. In other countries today they are not allowed to dock the tail at all.


Tail sets are very important. Yorkshire Terrier A has the correct tailset. B has a gay tailset which goes over its back and C has a low tailset.


Another example of tailsets. Yorkshire Terrier A has the correc tailset. B is pulling it over its back and C is holding it down completely.

Forlegs - Front Assembly

The correct forlegs or front assembly is Yorkshire Terrier A. B legs are to wide and C is to close.



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